If your basement currently suffers from a dampness or wetness, you’re not alone. According to studies performed by The American Society of Home Inspectors, 60 percent of homes in the United States have moisture problems in their basements. Most often, the wetness occurs from rainfall and snow melt.
Once water accumulates around the foundation of your home, the water slowly works its way into your foundation through small holes, cracks, joints, and the holes in porous materials. The key is to try to determine whether condensation, runoff, or subsurface seepage is the problem and begin taking the proper precautions.
Condensation, often referred to as sweating by waterproofing experts, frequently appears as water droplets, puddles, small and large wet spots on the walls and floors of your basement.
Condensation occurs when moist, warm air hits the cool walls and flooring of your foundation, it can also occur from un-insulated water pipes. This process tends to dampen carpets and rugs, rust appliances, and make the basement feel clammy to the touch.
Condensation can also cause wood to rot and walls, hardwood floors and framing to buckle. It can also encourage an insect infestation.
Large amounts of rainfall or melted snow that isn’t properly routed away from the foundation of your home, is actually the biggest and most common cause of moisture in a basement and crawl space.
Runoff tends to puddle near the base of the foundation. With very little pressure, the water is then forced through small holes, cracks or gaps in the foundation walls and footing.
Homeowners can take preventative measures, such as installing an interior or exterior drainage system or adding gutters to the home, to help reduce the risk of a wet basement or crawl space.
Rain gutters are designed to redirect runoff away from the foundation of your home and prevent runoff seepage. Improperly maintaining your homes gutter system may prove to be one of the worst mistakes, ever.
Leaves and other debris can and will make rain gutters run over and spill out, causing puddles, small and large, to form around the foundation. Ultimately, the saturated ground will cause a damp and wet basement.
If the ceilings or walls in your home currently have water stains there could be a leak from a water pipe, bathtub, corner shower or toilet. If any of these are the cause, hire a plumber to evaluate the situation and repair the leaks.
It’s always a good idea for homeowners to slope the ground in an angle away from the foundation of your home. A small slope will allow water to freely redirect itself away from your foundation, preventing water from entering your basement.
The source of your problem could be as simple as a water leak, runoff or high humidity. Over time, these can lead to mildew, mold or other biological growth. Depending on the severity, these conditions can lead to wood rot, structural damage to your home and a variety of health concerns.
Water can easily seep into your foundation from an outside source; a cracked or broken pipe, a leaky outside spigot, a small hole or crack in the foundation, or small cracks and gaps around the doors and windows of your home.
There may not be any visual signs of a leak, but moisture evaporates, and this, too, can easily increase indoor humidity. Another very common source is condensation that forms on cold concrete floors and walls. Some normal activities such as showering, cooking and drying clothing can cause high indoor humidity, and can be the main source of your problem.
If you have questions or concerns about your basement or crawl, contact the experts at FSM for a free homeowner inspection to evaluate your situation. We’ll give you an expert opinion and offer you an affordable solution specific to your needs.
As the largest Basement Waterproofing and Foundation Repair company in Michigan, we are experts in keeping your basement or crawl space dry ALL THE TIME!